Introduction The new MBBS curriculum has been started in the University of Medicine, Magway to provide medical students to acquire competencies of professional attributes such as, but not limited to, knowledge, skill, attitude, core values, ethics, etc. which are essential to become competent medical doctors. This program fosters student-centered learning enabling learning opportunities for comprehensive learning: self-directed learning, critical thinking, application of the principles of medicine beyond memorization. Teaching strategies focus on expected outcomes (competencies) for the development of professional skills relevant to health care needs of the community. UMMG graduates are expected to be qualified doctors who are able to provide patient-centered care as primary care physicians. Program learning outcomes of the undergraduate medical curriculum are based on the following domains:
Duration of the course is total 6 years, composed of Foundation Year(FY), Pre-clinical years (M1 & M2), and clinical years (M3, M4 and M5).
Foundation year has 2 semesters.
Semester 1 takes 24 weeks of teaching with 6 weeks of assessment duration; students will learn GCE-A level science subjects with emphasis on application of medical science. Language subjects aim for student’s communication skills, appreciation of literature and culture needed for soft-skill development. Followings are the subjects that students have to learn in semester 1 of FY: Language-1: Myanmar Language-2: English Science-1: Biology (Zoology and Botany) Science-2: Physics and Mathematics Science-3: Chemistry
Semester 2 takes 12 weeks of teaching with 2 weeks of assessment duration. This semester is the short introductory course for principles of basic medical science subjects, to provide basic foundation of medical science subjects for easy understanding of Integrated system modules in the upcoming Medical year -1 and 2 (M1 & M2). Students have to learn the following principles:
Students are obliged to participate in PPD program, in which students are trained to abstract basic ethical principles, civic, humanity and health care system of the country. Active participation of each student in group discussions, presentations, forum on inter-professional education (IPE), reflective report writing for assigned hospital visit and project-based learning with the theme of “good human, good citizen“ is mandatory in PPD sessions . This program aims to provide opportunities for students to acquire skills of leadership, teamwork, interpersonal communication skills, and self-awareness for developing attributes of Professionalism in the practice medicine as a service to mankind.
M-1 and M-2 of the program is mainly for basic medical sciences with clinical reasoning. In these years, students have to learn integrated teaching of basic medical science subjects in 10 system modules. Students are expected to acquire knowledge of the normal structure and function of each organ system, molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms that are important in maintaining the body’s homeostasis and knowledge of the various disease mechanisms that altered in structure and function (pathology and pathophysiology) of the body. Students are expected to demonstrate understanding of scientific basis and interpretation of common diagnostic studies, ability to develop a rational therapeutic approach based on principles of pathophysiology and pharmacology.
Following vertical modules are incorporated throughout the Medical years (M1to M5).
In clinical years, students will be involved in a series of clinical rotations including electives, residential field trip for community and family medicine training. Students will undertake clinical placements in various departments of the following affiliated teaching hospitals of UMMG, Magway:
Year-3 is junior clerkship training, mainly core clinical medicine with hospital-based teaching. Students will learn general medicine with related specialties and general surgery with related specialties by rotating placement posting. There is a 4-week elective period; students may choose to learn their interested field by proposing structured proposal. In the elective component, students are encouraged to seek experiential learning opportunities in contexts of their interest to broaden their awareness of the health challenges communities are facing. The elective program aims for development of competencies and qualities of future physicians extend beyond medical and technical competence.
Medical Year-4 is specialty clerkship training which focuses on specialties in all areas of medicine, including Paediatrics , O&G, Psychiatry, Geriatrics, Palliative care, Emergency Medicine, Anesthesia, Forensic Medicine with short-term re-visit to general medicine and general surgery. In this year, 4 weeks of residential field training (RFT) is included as a part of community and family medicine program. Student will be placed at township hospital and rural health centers to learn health care in the community, for understanding of health-related issues with promoting health and preventing diseases. Medical Year-5 (M5) Medical Year-5 (Final year) is senior clerkship training mainly in clinical workplaces; students are rotated among four major clinical departments. In this year, 4 weeks of student selected component (SSC) is planned for the student’s self-directed learning; students will have their own choice to learn in one of the clinical departments for their further improvement in clinical practices.
The new curriculum emphasizes on student-centered learning. Students are responsible for active participation in small group teaching sessions; team-based learning, problem-based learning and case-based learning session. These teaching-learning strategies enabled independent decision making and improvement of communication skills which encourages the students to become lifelong learners in ever updating medical profession and science.
The training program of the new MBBS course is very intensive; student’s commitment and dedicated performance are fundamental to ensure the achievement of expected competencies/outcomes. Students will face several series of assessment including continuous assessments, module-end assessment and year-end assessments. According to the level (year) of the program, students’ competencies will be assessed by written tests/exams, practical test, viva-voce, OSCE (Objective Structured Clinical Examination) and OSPE (Objective Structured Practical Examination). Attendance: all the learning process of the whole training program acquires student’s participation in both classroom setting and clinical settings. Student’s attendance and engagement will be strictly assessed in group learning activities such as team-based learning, simulation-based learning and case-based learning.
The MBBS Course is designed to train medical students to become ethically minded, committed and technically competent graduates viz. medical doctors who can effectively serve in different health sectors of the nation. The course starts with strengthening and adding up of knowledge and attitude acquired in basic education in adaptation to learning the basis of learning medical courses, followed by training for pre-clinical subjects which covers basic medical science subjects, public health subjects and legal medicine. Total professional and personal development programs runs all along the medical student life. Successful students are forwarded to clinical years. Then one year compulsory internship program ensues. The whole course extends over seven years.
|1 ½ year|
Final M.B.,B.S. Part I
Final M.B.,B.S. Part II
|1 ½ year|
Upon graduation, students are conferred M.B.,B.S. (Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery) degree.
To train medical students to become:
All graduates of the University of Medicine, Magway must be able to:
Each attribute has been divided into “Introduced” or “Developed” or “Assessed” to map out how and where each attribute is addressed in the program.
Block posting in
Medical Ethics is included in the Total Personal and Professional Development programs throughout the MBBS course.
All students who passed the Final Part II examinations have to continue internship program for one year at the affiliated teaching hospitals. Compulsory one year House Officer training consists of:
|Community Medicine||2 weeks|
|Medicine (including Mental Health)||12 weeks|
|Obstetrics and Gynecology (including Anesthesiology)||12 weeks|
|Surgery (including Emergency Medicine)||12 weeks|
In all academic years (except House Officer training), summative assessments are conducted by convener system in rotation. Heads of the departments from each medical universities in Myanmar are obliged to contribute in building questions, participate as co-examiners and have the decision power for distinction, pass, moderated pass and fail remarks Registrar has the responsibility for the smoothness of the examination process and confidentiality of data.
Criterion Reference System and Compartment System are used for pass/fail determination. Pass criteria is 50% of total score. Below the Pass criteria, 46% in one compartment can be considered for moderation for a particular subject if other compartments have above 46% of respective total scores. Moderation in two compartments of a subject is considered fail for that subject. Outstanding students are re-evaluated and have to sit for grand viva-voce examination.
Student feedback is made once per year for every academic year. Academic feedback is done after every class test. Evaluation and corrective procedures follow after each feedback.
All teaching staff are also assigned as a Guardian for a group of students every academic year. Students can make consultation and ask for assistance for academic, social, health and financial issues the students encounter. Guardians keep in tract of the students under their care especially for absentees, class performance and health problems.